World Weather/Climate Extremes Website

Northern Hemisphere: Lowest Temperature

Record Value -67.7°C (-90°F)
Date of Event Verkhoyansk: 5/2/1892, 7/2/1892
Oimaykon: 6/2/1933
Length of Record
Geospatial Location Verkhoyansk, Russia [67°33'N, 133°23'E, elevation 107m (350ft)]
Oimaykon, Russia [63°28'N, 142°23'E, elevation 107m (350ft)]
Instrumentation See below - Spirit Thermometer

References

Climate of the USSR, issue 24, part I, Leningrad, 1956 (From Dr. Meshcherskaya)

Discussion

Considerable controversy has arisen about the record low temperature extremes at Verkhoyansk because of instrument corrections. From Dr. A. Meshcherskaya: "It is accepted that the coldest temperature for the Northern Hemisphere occurred in Verkhoyansk, Russia on 6 and 7, 1892. But in those days the temperature was measured by spirit thermometer, which is less accurate than a mercury thermometer. The spirit is the evaporating liquid, therefore measurement by spirit thermometers must be corrected (usually the correction is positive, being about 0.2°C, but it is not so simple). According to "Climate of the USSR, issue 24, part I, Leningrad, 1956," the coldest temperature (-67.7°C) occurred in Oimaykon on 6 February 1933. It is necessary to have in view that winters in East Siberia during the 20th century have become about 3°C warmer.

By the opinion of the majority of Russian climatologists, the coldest place in the Northern Hemisphere is Oimyakon. Since the 30-th years of 20th century, almost every winter Oimaykon is colder than Verkhoyansk. The mean difference of minimum winter (December-February) temperature in Verkhoyansk and in Oimyakon for 43 coupled years in 20th is 2.3°C.

Additional Images

Oimyakon, Russia
Closeup Satellite Image of Oimyakon, Russia
Oimyakon, Russia
Closeup Satellite Image of Oimyakon, Russia
Verkhoyansk, Russia

Closeup Satellite Image of Verkhoyansk, Russia

Verkhoyansk, Russia

Regional Satellite Image of Verkhoyansk, Russia