World: Highest Sea Level Air Pressure Above 750 meters
|Record Value||1089.1hPa (adjusted using WMO formula); 1089.4hPa (adjusted using Russian method)|
|Date of Record||30 / 12 [December] / 2004|
|Formal WMO Review||Yes (2011-2012)|
|Length of Record||1963-present|
|Instrumentation||Russian-made mercury barometer, special brand is SPA-A(B)|
|Geospatial Location||Tosontengel Mongolia [48°44’N, 98°16’E, elevation: 1724.6 meters (5658.1 ft)]|
2011-2012 Special WMO CCl Ad-hoc Evaluation Committee consisting of Purevjav Gomboluudev (Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Mongolia) Rob Allen (UK Met Office Hadley Centre), Manola Brunet, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona Spain, WMO CCl president of OPACE 2), Randy Cerveny (Arizona State University, Tempe AZ), Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES, University of Colorado, Fatima Driouech (Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Casablanca, co-president of WMO CCl OPACE 2), Phil Jones, Director, Climate Research Unit, University of East Anglia , Tom Peterson, NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center, president of the WMO CCl) José Luis Stella (Departamento Climatología Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Argentina.
on 30 December, 2004 in Tosontsengel Mongolia, at 2 am local time on the 30th, (18/1800 UTC) the station pressure rose to 846.5 hPa. Using the supplied station pressure of 846.5 hPa, a geopotential height of 1725.8 m, and an ambient air temperature of -44.8ºC, the WMO method for reduction to sea level pressure produces an adjusted sea level pressure value of 1089.1 mb. The formula used is given in WMO Techn. Note No. 61, page 22, eq. 2)
Although this station exceeds the standard WMO threshold limit for reduction to sea level (i.e., 750 m), the Rapporteurs for Climate Extremes (Cerveny and Stella) have accepted this record with the caveat of a special category only for evaluations above 750m. Another sea level pressure category continues to exist for elevations below 750 meters.
Because sea-level pressure adjustment requires the use of a hypothetical lapse rate between the level at which the pressure is recorded and sea-level (for the WMO model, set at the standard atmosphere lapse rate of 6.5 K km-1), it is the judgment of the WMO evaluation committee and the Rapporteurs that high elevation observations' adjusted sea level pressures be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The Tosontsengel Mongolia world record sea-level pressure extreme: spatial analysis of elevation bias in adjustment-to-sea-level pressures G. Purevjav, R.C. Balling, Jr., R.S. Cerveny,R. Allan,. G.P. Compo, P. Jones,T.C. Peterson, M. Brunet,F. Driouech, J.L. Stella, B.M. Svoma,D.Krahenbuhl, R.S. Vose and X. Yin (Int. J. Climatology); DOI: 10.1002/joc.4186
Closeup Satellite Image of Tosontsengel, Mongolia
Regional Satellite Image of Tosontsengel, Mongolia