World Weather/Climate Extremes Website

Eastern Hemisphere: Lowest Temperature

Record Value -89.2°C (-129°F)
Date of Record 21/7/1983
Length of Record 1912-present
Instrumentation Presumably Maximum/Minimum Thermometer in Standard Stevenson Screen
Geospatial Location Vostok, Antarctica [77°32'S, 106°40'E, elevation: 3420m (11,220ft)]

References

Krause and Flood, 1997: Weather and Climate Extremes, US Army Corps of Engineers Topographic Engineering Centerpp. 89; Information Bulletin of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (No. 105)

Discussion

This record was confirmed by the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute at Leningrad (St. Petersburg), Russia. Extreme cold resulted from absence of solar radiation, clear skies, little vertical mixing, calm air for a long duration and the station's high elevation.

Vostok, Antarctica

Closeup Satellite Image of Modern Vostok Station

Vostok, Anatarctica

Regional Satellite Image of Modern Vostok Station